Why Do So Many Buildings Fall During Earthquakes?

The recent earthquake near the Turkish-Syrian border has killed, at the time of writing, over 41,000 individuals and has collapsed over 6,000 buildings in Turkey alone. Turkey is a known region for serious seismic events and has endured significant earthquakes.
Turkish building codes from 2007, heavily revised in 2018, specify earthquake-resistant construction, and the city of Istanbul completed a $500 million project in 2015 to prepare that large city for a seismic event. While multiple and un…
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